Understanding CBD is very confusing, especially if you are just learning. Our Frequently Asked Questions are the best first step for CBD Education. We are always looking to improve our education page, so please feel free to reach out with further questions. If you have them, so do others.
CBD is short for cannabidiol (pronounced like can-uh-BIH-dee-all) and is a cannabinoid compound within the cannabis plant.
- Cannabinoids are chemical compounds within the cannabis plant.
- CBD is one of over 100 cannabinoids that have been found on cannabis plants to date.
- CBD does not get you high.
- Cannabidiol (CBD) is found in both marijuana plants and hemp plants.
- Hemp and marijuana are both cannabis plants. However, hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant species.
- Hemp is from the Cannabis Sativa L strain.
- Confusing right? Think of it this way, you go to a garden center to buy geraniums. There are different color geraniums, some different leaves, etc., however, they are all geraniums. The difference is they come from different seeds/strains of the geranium plant.
- This is the same concept when thinking about different Cannabis plants. Hemp is from a different strain of cannabis plant that contains little to no THC (the part that gets you high).
No – they are different. It’s confusing as the term “CBD” is used loosely. CBD comes from the cannabis plant. However:
- Hemp and marijuana are both cannabis plants. But, hemp and marijuana are different strains of the cannabis sativa plant.
- Marijuana cannabis plant strains contain tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC. THC is the compound that produces the “high” effect.
- Hemp is from the cannabis Sativa L strain, which contains little to no THC.
- Hemp is from a different strain of cannabis plant that contains less than .3% THC or no THC.
- FDA regulations state hemp CBD products are legal if they contain .3% or less THC, which all Nature’s Gem CBD products comply with.
CBD primarily interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS).
The endocannabinoid system (ECS), is a name given to the system (process), which ascertains how cannabinoids (such as CBD) interacts within the mind and body. Within this system, there are two important receptors, CB1 and CB2, which affect different areas in our mind and body. Now, if this makes sense – skip to CB1 receptors.
A more technical description:
The term “endo” is short for endogenous, meaning originating or produced within an organism, tissue or cell. Cannabinoid refers to a group of compounds that activate this particular system. By way of example, imagine cell receptors in the body as a set of locks, each with a set of corresponding keys: chemical molecules called “agonists”. Each time an agonist is bound to a cell receptor it relays a message, giving the cell an instruction. The endocannabinoid system is the name for a series of cell receptors (locks) that respond to certain kinds of agonists (keys).
Two primary cell receptors make up the ECS: Cannabinoid Receptor 1 (CB1) and Cannabinoid Receptor 2 (CB2).
Endocannabinoids (or cannabinoids) are the “keys” for these receptors. Cannabinoid receptors (locks) respond to various cannabinoids (keys), which in turn produce distinctive effects within the body.
Too technical? Yep, it is. The cool stuff is learning about the receptors. That’s where is all happens.
CB1 Receptors –
CB1 Receptors are found throughout the human body, and there are a lot of them in the brain and spinal cord.
In the brain, for example, CB1 receptors are abundant in the hypothalamus (which regulates appetite) and in the amygdala, which is responsible for emotions, survival instinct and memory.
In addition, CB1 receptors are also found in nerve endings, where their role is to help reduce the feeling of pain.
It’s fascinating! The brain and spinal cord send messages back and forth throughout the body. CB1 receptors are found within them BOTH.
CB2 Receptors –
CB2 Receptors typically concentrate in the immune tissues and cells, such as white blood cells, the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord, tonsils, spleen, digestive tract, and many of the body’s organs. When these receptors are activated, one response they act upon is to reduce inflammation. For this reason, it is largely believed these CB2 receptors may play a role in the body’s immune response to diseases, inflammation and certain medical conditions.
More and more research is being done in this area. We support our researchers – knowledge is power!
Maintaining a healthy and balanced endocannabinoid system is important as this system essentially regulates all of the basic functions and patterns our body has to deal with including:
- Immune Function
- Neuroprotection and development
All Nature’s Gem CBD products are made from carefully cultivated, grown, and harvested USA hemp, in accordance to strict USDA organic guidelines.